Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Abraham Maslow found that individuals are motivated through a hierarchy of needs. Maslow’s book Motivation and Personalityoutlined his concepts dealing with human motivation.
A person is motivated to secure survival, safety, belonging to a group, personal self-respect and being respected by others, and “self-actualized.” Being “self-actualized” is a psychological state of mine that a person feels that he or she is being able to develop and apply natural capabilities within their social environment.
A great deal of information dealing with Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is available online and in libraries. A few, of many, websites dealing with the subject are listed below. Because of the extensive availability of information about Maslow and his hierarchy, it is not necessary to expand on them here. A person not familiar with Maslow’s work but interested in improving society should read these materials.
But it is important to know that Maslow’s findings will have a great deal to do with concepts that will follow later in ABetterSociety.Info. Societies are made up individuals that identify with a group of other individuals that function together as some kind of unified, social whole.
For example, the United States of America is a political, economic society that is made up of millions of sub-societies, including families, business companies, unions, government and military organizations, political parties, street gangs, criminal organizations, private clubs, volunteer groups striving toward certain common goals, and so on. How every society functions for either good or bad, effectively or ineffectively, is based on individual motivational factors as defined by Maslow. Having a working knowledge of his Hierarchy of Needs is critical to understanding concepts discussed later.
© Joseph L. Bass, EdD, May 2020