An Envisioned Nation Based on Equality
What would be the characteristics of a nation based on equality? The following sections outline and discuss an envisioned nation based on equality. Of course, no such nation exists today.
For comparison purposed, I outlined the characteristics of hunter-gatherer and class-based societies. A hunter-gatherer society includes more equality than a class-based society, but their lack of knowledge results in only a few people being able to live that way. Such a society is based on Darwin’s “survival of the fittest” concept. Only those that can physically and intellectually contribute directly to the wellbeing of group can continue to survive. This does not mean only the strongest survive. A physically weak, elderly person might be able to live to an old age because he or she is valued by the group because of a having a historic body of knowledge that was important to group survival, there being no written history. Those that cannot contribute to the wellbeing of the group do not survive.
The characteristics of a class-based society by definition includes inequality.
Hunter-gatherer groups are found today in remote, isolated areas of the world. All nations are class-based with a few like the United States striving to be equality based.
The following outlines the characteristics of a nation based on equality. These characteristics include:
Ø A body of people that understand, practice, and have in their minds an allegiance to a social and governmental system based on equality.
Ø A dynamic social and economic system that allows extensive freedom for all people to strive to meet their physical and psychological needs as discussed by Abraham Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, Frederick Herzberg’s “Two-Factor Theory” and Greg R. Oldham and J. Richard Hackman’s “Job Characteristics Model.”
Ø A social system that includes temporary charity and support for those whose strivings have led to a dead end and need a temporary period of time to redirect their lives toward new, productive strivings.
Ø A federal representative system of government that provides a dynamic structure that includes a constitution that defines governmental powers granted by the people, a bill of rights that defines the relationship between individual freedoms and delegated government powers, an executive branch, a legislative branch, and a judicial branch. This will be the people’s government; they will retain the arms to overthrow the government if it becomes tyrannical as the English government did in the late 1700’s.
The following sections will discuss in greater detail aspects of these characteristics.
© Joseph L. Bass, EdD, October 2020